Designers and constructors have used wood, clay, cardboard and styrofoam materirals to create scaled building models to help their clients understand their construction projects.
3-Dimensional CAD models and now Building Information Modeling (BIM) have proven effective to present the full scale construction project with design options to the facility owner. That said, owners may still feel like observers looking at 3D images of their buildings and not active participants inside their building.
This is where Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) gaming technologies become game-changing for both designers and owners. By using goggles and visors rather than projector screens; designers and owners are immersed into the project model. VR \ AR technologies place the Owner onto the "field of play" as a player and inside their construction models.
Project teams are incorporating the BIM project files from the design and construction process into their client Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) presentations.
Rather than explain with words; these videos demonstrate how firms are using Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality to optimize their client experiences by, "Taking a client ... to where no client has gone before."
Virtual Reality (VR) uses a digitally constructed environment; like a Revit (BIM) project file.
Virtual Reality for Healthcare
The Healthcare industry has been testing and using variations of VR, AR & holography to create virtual human organs and the human body for several years. They are used to train healtchcare professional while also being used for mock medical procedures.
Now Healthcare Design-Construction teams explore the use of VR\AR visors to "immerse" doctors, nurses & technicians into virtual healthcare rooms; like surgery, patient care & MRI suite designs layouts.
Turner Construction | MRS (Medical Research Solutions) uses this technology to obtain design input from medical professionals; that they will eventually use to design-construct these rooms.
Augmented Reality (AR) overlays the Virtual Model (BIM) into the actual 'real' space.
Augmented Reality Prefab Industrial MEP Skid
Augmented Reality for Project Architectural Master Planning
Greg Lynn FORM, Trimble, and Microsoft HoloLens are exploring opportunities to transform the architecture process. Mixed reality enables Lynn to immediately get a sense of scale, form, and space so he can easily visualize his ideas and make decisions more quickly.
Sketchup \ HoloLens Viewer | Stair & MEP Field Construction Review
Augmented Reality for for Furniture, Fixture and Equipment Sales
Augmented Reality Toilet Room Pod Drywalling and Construction
StrXur interviews Martin Bros. BIM VDC Manager Cody Nowak for his creation of a proof of concept involving a bathroom pod frame being built using Microsoft HoloLens technology and no actual plans. A first in the AEC industry and an exciting innovation with great potential.
Augmented Reality Sandbox for Site Countour Modeling
Augmented Reality Sandbox with Real-Time Water Flow Simulation
Augmented Reality for Print Media
Imagine the possibilities of incorporating this Quadgraphics AR App into product specifications, tech data, installation and maintenance documentation for an Owners' Operations & Maintenance Teams.
The 'Actable' app scans the printed page, that has a special QR code graphic embedded in the print image.
It then activates & displays a Virtual Product Model, Video, Installation or Maintenance Video on the mobile devices.
VR\AR technologies are transitioning from cool ideas; to being harnessed for valuable decision making processes. When that becomes valuable to the project, it creates billable services to improve the design-construction process.
This sixty page report reveals the value contractors find in their use of BIM in nine of the largest global construction markets: Australia/New Zealand, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, South Korea, U.S. and U.K. It offers insights, both overall and by market, into the profile of contractors using BIM, the benefits and ROI derived from their BIM investments and the critical activities and practices for which they are using BIM. Specific snapshots of the contractor responses by region also provide additional understanding of the current use and future potential of BIM globally.
This link takes you to the McGraw-Hill site to obtain the free download thru their e-store.
Design-Build:43% of architects and 50% of contractors find this to be the best system to reduce project schedule, and a higher percentage of owners using this method report projects finishing ahead of schedule than with the other two systems.
Construction Management at Risk:A higher percentage of owners doing projects that employ this system find that their projects that employ this system find that their projects are under budget(33%) and 60% report being very satisfied with the projects they have conducted, which is at least 20 percentage points higher than those using design-bid-build or design-build.
AGC - ConsensusDocs: May 2014 | First Federal Design-Build Agreement Makes it Easier for Design Professionals and Design-Builders to Contract on Federal Design-Build Projects
BIM authoring software packages; like (Revit, AECOsim, ArchiCAD, Vectorworks) create the BIM facility project file. Third-party Add-On software applications provide niche design & analysis functionality; that is not typically included in the out-of-the box BIM software.
So...how is this helpful?
The cost to design, build and maintain large, complex facilities is significant. Virtually simulating a building's energy performance; during the desing process is crucial to reducing its projected energy costs. Integrating BIM processes is reducing the construction time, product waste, labor & energy costs to buid it.
Architects, engineers, contractors and facility owners are adding design + engineering functionality to their BIM authoring software; via BIM Add-On applications. These apps provide BIM software with the ability to simulate the seasonal energy consumption of a facility over the building's lifecycle.
BIM Add-On software components integrate with the designers' whole building facility model. Thereby, helping them to evaluate, analyze, design and simulate specific facility performance factors --prior to construction and occupancy.
Examples of BIM \ BIM Add-On Apps Assisting w/Sustainable Design Process
Building Certification: BIM auto-collects & reports sustainable documentation
Green Product Selection: BIM Automated Specification Writing Systems
BIM MEP: Building Energy Performance Modeling Simulations
Visualization: Interior Daylighting and Shadow Studies
Green Material Volume Take-Off: New Construction, Demolition Construction Waste
BIM MEP: Water \ Waste Systems Consumption, Calculations & Flow Analysis
HVAC Load Analysis: Optimizing Heating and Cooling Loads & Zones
The Bradley BIM Team maintained time and cost records for building the Bradley Revit Family Library from the summer of 2009 to December 2011.When I survey the Revit family modeling costs, relative to the processes we used to build Bradley's 1000 Revit Families; it reveals the "real value" in cost savings for each pre-built Bradley Revit Family Model.
Each pre-built, Bradley Revit model, can typically save a trained and knowledgeable BIM Manager between $150-$250 of labor costs.
Whoa! How did you arrive at that dollar value?
I arrive at this value, by combining these 2 assumptions with our 7 standard steps (below) for properly constructing a Revit family model. In fact, these are the initial steps I teach every professional; that needs to properly create Revit family models.
Assumption #1:I set my BIM Manager costs at $75 / hour; realizing the manager has real costs for hourly wage, software, equipment and benefits. The manager should have a billable rate (cost) for creating project Revit families (project billing cost) AND company standard Revit family library (billed back as overhead to reduce future project costs). I identify these costs as an organization's BIM Assets.
My April 2014 Revit \ BIM article for Sourceable.net (Australia) reviews the potential savings from carefully selected, pre-built Building Product Manufacturers' (BPM) BIM content for BIM-based projects and office BIM standards.
Excerpt: Leading Building Information Modeling (BIM) software packages such as Autodesk Revit, Bentley Microstation, Graphisoft ArchiCAD and Nemetschek Vectorworks provide libraries of free generic BIM content in their respective BIM file formats.
However; without reliable BIM content produced by Building Product Manufacturers (BPM), projects produced by designers with BIM software; will be greatly limited to create accurate construction documents.
BIM Report Contributors:391 owners, architects, engineers and contractors indicated they had a moderate to high level knowledge on the use of BIM within their organization.
100 General Contractors
However, by 2015, many companies have gained deep experience with the use of BIM. Therefore, we believe the time has come to take the critical next step in the research and to establish the specific level of impact BIM has on 10 types of design and construction activities.
To do so, we asked respondents to quantify the positive impact of BIM for six specific metricsthat could be measured in terms of percentage of improvement. The research focuses specifically on complex projects because they offer the best opportunity to experience the powerful benefits BIM provides.
These 10 Activities of Planning, Design and Construction defined the real Impact of BIM on Key Outcomes for Complex Projects:
BIM Impact on Owner Engagement and Understanding
BIM Impact on Design
BIM Impact on Documentation and Constructability
BIM Impact on Estimating and Bidding
BIM Impact on Construction Phasing and Logistics
BIM Impact on Contractors' Understanding of Design Intent
BIM Impact on Cost Control and Reduction
BIM Impact on Schedule and Project Duration
BIM Impact on Unplanned Changes, Rework and Out-of-Sequence Work
BIM Impact on Labor, Safety and Material Waste
6 Metrics for the Impact of BIM on Complex Projects
BIM Level-Of-Development (LOD) was highlighted within several presentations. Those presentations providing LOD are bold-faced in the list below. I admit, I haven't listened to all the presentations on this list --as they were released 2 weeks ago. I'll update the boldfaced list of LOD presentations once I review them all.
2015 Fall BIMForum Class Presentation Topics | Videos and PDFs
BIM/VDC for Precon at Ledcor
Optimizing Project Decision Making with VDC
Designers Taking Back Control of BIM Design Coordination
How BIM Impacts the Structural Steel Fabrication Business
A PDF Does Not Equal Paper How the PDF Revolution is Advancing BIM Workflows
BIM before BIM’s
Owner Actions to Define Transparency in the Model-based Design Process
BIM Utilization Effectiveness – How We Became Effective BIM Producers While Driving Innovation Forward
Organizational Modules: Studying the Effects of Organizational Repetitions Using QCA
Taking Control of the Game – An Exploration of Virtual Reality and Gaming Workflows
Building Blocks in your BXP: BIM-M Initiative
Pre-engineered Metal Building Systems
Precast and BIM
Laser focus on accuracy in BXP: USIBD LOA & LOD
BIM Legal and Insurance Issues
Raising the Roof with your BXP: Steel Joist and Deck
Building Quality in your BXP: NISD CM-BIM by David Merrifield (NISD)
AEC Supply Chain Optimization – Building Information Modeling for Improved Productivity and Content Management for Off-Site Prefabrication in a Semi-Conductor Manufacturing Facility Retrofit Environment
4D > 3D Model + Schedule
Preconstruction in Construction: Managing Change in a Billion Dollar Hospital
Live Cost Modeling & Production Analytics with BIM
Constructible Design: Merging Design, Detailing and Coordination to Mitigate Risk and Create Predictable Outcomes